What Causes the Need for Scaling and Root Planing?
Periodontal disease is the inflammation and destruction of the peridontium (tissues and bone surrounding the tooth). Periodontal disease is a two-part process, which includes gingivitis, followed by periodontitis.
What is Gingivitis?
Gingivitis is the early stage of periodontal disease, which includes inflammation of the gum tissues in the presence of plaque and bacteria. With adequate home care and routine visits, gingivitis is a very reversible process.
What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis is the more advanced stage of periodontal disease, in which the build-up of tartar, debris and bacteria, causes the gum tissues to become inflamed and pull away from the tooth. Periodontitis can eventually lead to bone and tooth loss if left untreated.
What do I do if I have Periodontal Disease?
Following the diagnosis of periodontal disease, scaling and root planing, is the recommended treatment. This process involves using extended instruments to effectively remove tartar, debris and bacteria from the root surface of the tooth or teeth affected. Anesthetic is provided for patient comfort. The presence of periodontal disease may require more frequent visits with your dental provider, to ensure that the disease process is being managed.
More Advanced Periodontal Disease
In moderate to severe stages of gum recession, the tooth’s root surface becomes exposed and bone loss occurs. Recession can cause sensitivity and be a hosting site for decay to form, allowing for potential tooth loss. Gingival grafting may be recommended to improve the health of your smile.
What is Gingival Grafting?
Gingival grafting originally involved a donor tissue site, generally from the roof of the patient’s mouth, which could be quite tender post-operatively. Advanced technology allows Dr. Sage Pollack to draw a few vials of the patient’s blood, allowing the white blood cells (good growth factors) to be removed, creating a membrane. This membrane is then placed in a small incision at the site of the recession, and sutured in place. This tissue membrane, covering the root surface, generates new, healthy gingiva.